Mass and Individual: The Archive of the Guyanese Mass Games
October 21–November 27, 2016
Opening: October 21, 5–7pm
Arko Art Center
Hours: Tuesday–Sunday 11am–7pm
T +82 10 9638 0430
Artists: Jungju An (Korea), Philbert Gajadhar (Guyana), Joonho Jeon (Korea), Yunjoo Kwak (Korea), Suntag Noh (Korea), Polit-Sheer-Form (China), George Simon (Guyana), Diana Yoo (Canada)
Co-Curated by Wonseok Koh and Vicki Sung-yeon Kwon
The exhibition garnered the largest grant of the 2016 Arts Council Korea exhibition grant.
While Korea experienced imperialist military competition, World War II, the Cold War, division, and political upheaval first-hand in East Asia, on the other side of the hemisphere, Guyana experienced a similarly tragic history of modernity in the Caribbean. During 300 years of European colonization, Guyana saw the dislocation and extinction of Amerindian people and cultural heritage, and the division of their land. The newly independent Guyana underwent Cold War ideological conflicts and the political extremes of a socialist regime and a pro-US neoliberal regime.
This exhibition consists of an archive collection of the Mass Games in Guyana in the 1980s–’90s and contemporary artists’ work that explores the theme of “mass and individual.” The Co-Operative Republic of Guyana, a socialist regime in the independent Guyana, was fascinated by the collective identity portrayed in the North Korean Mass Games. Guyana invited North Korean artists to learn how to stage such spectacles. Guyanese artists incorporated their own cultural elements into the North Korean Mass Games and staged the event annually. The Guyanese Mass Games show interesting cultural elements: they manifest distinctive cultural codes of the postcolonial and the Cold War eras, critical aspects of collectivism in the performing arts, an alteration of Socialist Realism by incorporating local elements, and the transnational exchange of art and culture via sharing an ideology.
The exhibition suggests that such a cultural spectrum was not simply a trend in the past; rather, it is still an ongoing issue in contemporary visual art. Participating artists Jungju An, Jeon Joonho, Yunjoo Kwak, Noh Suntag, Polit-Sheer-Form, and Diana Yoo demonstrate that such cultural elements are still influential in our contemporary life and culture. The exhibition presents the significant cultural implications of the Mass Games and the contemporary works and, in doing so, invites the viewers to think about the visual culture surrounding us today. We invite the viewers to encounter a unique intersection of history and reality as well as the disparate geographic spaces and times presented together in the exhibition space.
During the exhibition, four public and academic programs including lectures, talks, and screening will be held to explore the collectivism of modern nations.